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Hanzala Ibn Abi Amir or Ḥanẓala Ibn Abī ʿĀmir (Arabic: ﺣﻨﻈﻠـة ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﺑﻲ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ) was one of companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). [1] He belonged to the Banu Aus tribe of the Ansar. His father, Abu Aamir was a Christian.[2] Hanzala's age was just 24 years when he was martyred in the the Battle of Uhud while fighting against the polytheists. [3] Hanzala being a foot soldier, assaulted the mount of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb to attack him. However, the latter was saved by Shaddād bin al-Aswad (also known as Ibn Sha'ub) who also killed Hanzala.[4][5]

Hanzala had earlier left for the battlefield to respond the call of Jihad leaving his wife Jamila, daughter of Abd-Allah ibn Ubayy, on the first wedding night. He did not have the time for doing Ghusl (ablution). Prophet Muhammad is narrated to have seen angels giving Hanzala a bath in between heavens and the earth with fresh rainwater kept in silver vessels. Because of this honor, Hanzala earned the title of Ghaseel al-Malāʾika (Arabic: غسيل الملائكة) or the one cleansed by the angels. His son, Abdullāh ibn Hanzala would later command the people of Medina to dissent against the Umayyad Caliph Yazid I. [6][7]

References Edit

  1. Hazrat Hanzala (رضي الله عنه)
  2. Portraits of youths
  3. Rights of the Prophet
  4. The Book of the Jihad of 'Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami (d. 1106)
  5. The History of al-Tabari Vol. 7: The Foundation of the Community
  6. Hanzala bin Abi 'Amir al-Rahib
  7. The Life of Muhammad: Al-Waqidi's Kitab Al-Maghazi

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